An epic, or heroic, is a long narrative poem told in a formal style about a serious subject that relates to the a specific national identity.
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- Epic poetry on Wikipedia.
- Abrams 2005, p. 81.
- Abrams, M. H. (2005). "Epic". A Glossary of Literary Terms. Boston, MA: Thomson, Wadsworth. pp. 81–84.
- Cuddon, J. A. (1979). A Dictionary of Literary Terms. London: Penguin.
- Frye, Northrup; Baker, Sheridan; Perkins, George; Perkins, Barbara M. (1997). The Harper Handbook to Literature. New York: Longman.
- — (2015) . Anatomy of Criticism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
- Harmon, William; Holman, Hugh (2003). A Handbook to Literature (Nineth ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- Hexter, Ralph (1993). A Guide to the Odyssey. New York: Vintage.
- McArthur, Tom, ed. (1992). "Epic". The Oxford Companion to the English Language. Oxford: Oxford UP. p. 376.
- Parrander, Patrick (1980). "Science Fiction as Epic". Science Fiction: Its Criticism and Teaching. London: Methuen. pp. 88–105.
- Tillyard, E. M. W. (1966) . The English Epic and Its Background. New York: Oxford UP.
- Wilkie, Brian (1965). Romantic Poets and Epic Tradition. University of Wisconsin Press.